ABCs of Good Health

What Is Vitamin B: The Complete Guide

Vitamin B is an essential group of vitamins that our bodies need every day. We can find it naturally in brown rice, red meat, eggs, and dairy products like milk and cheese. But a B vitamin deficiency is one of the most common in the UK so a  supplement can help to support our intake.

What Is Vitamin B?

The B vitamins are actually a group of eight vitamins:

  • B1 (Thiamine)
  • B2 (Riboflavin)
  • B3 (Niacin)
  • B5 (Pantothenic Acid)
  • B6 (Pyridoxine)
  • B7 (Biotin)
  • B9 (Folate)
  • B12 (Cobalamin)

These water-soluble and essential to our bodies, meaning that we can’t produce them ourselves, no matter how important they are to us. So why are the B vitamins so important?

What Benefits Do The B Vitamins Have?

Every B vitamin is integral to our health. From healthy skin to hormone regulation, immunity, and energy metabolism, each of the B vitamins has a specific role in our bodies. For example, thiamine supports our heart, whereas biotin supports the condition of our hair and skin.

Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

Thiamine helps the body to build and retain a strong and healthy immune system. It is important in the construction of new cells, so you’ve always got a good turnover of healthy fighters inside to keep you in top shape.

Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)

Riboflavin plays a crucial role in protecting your body from potentially harmful free radicals, which can do damage to everything from skin, to hair, energy levels and even disease resistance.

Vitamin B3 (Niacin)

Niacin helps to boost your good cholesterol – that’s the HDL kind –  which is actually very important.

Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic Acid)

Pantothenic acid is important for maintaining healthy skin, teeth and bones, as well as a healthy reproductive system. The name comes from the Greek meaning ‘everywhere’.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 has been associated with lower the risk of heart disease, as well as reducing inflammation in people with rheumatoid arthritis. It also helps to regular sleep and contributes to busting stress.

Vitamin B7 (Biotin)

Also known a biotin, this vitamin is popular in topical and oral beauty products. That’s because it’s important for maintaining healthy, skin, and hair.

Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9 is especially important for pregnant ladies, for ensuring that the baby grows normally. Also important for preventing memory loss, and boosting mood.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 works alongside B9 to create red blood cells, which can affect the transportation of iron and oxygen around the body. Because of this, people suffering from a B12 deficiency can feel fatigued and weak. Most sources of B12 are meat-based, so people who have a plant-based diet should consider using a supplement.

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When And How Much Vitamin B Do You Need?

We need different amounts of each vitamin. The UK government has produced a useful guide to the recommended daily allowances of each vitamin in order to support a healthy, balanced lifestyle.

If you don’t think you’re getting enough B vitamins, try adding our complete blend of all 8, Vitamin B Plus. They are water-soluble, so it’s unlikely you are taking too many as our body removes excess in our urine.

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Roxanne Griggs

Roxanne Griggs

Public Health Nutritionist (ANutr)

Qualified, Public Health Nutritionist (ANutr).


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